Torsion Control Index (TCI): measurement of midfoot shoe stability, in inch-pound units (in.-lbs.). TCI is measured through actively twisting a shoe around the longitudinal axis of the shoe, from the heel to the area of the toes joints, simulating rotational forces of the foot, and measuring the shoe’s resistance to this motion.
Vertical Compression Index (VCI): measurement of hindfoot shoe stability, in millimeters (mm). VCI is measured through compression of the heel portion of the shoe under a fixed amount of pressure, thereby measuring how the structure of the shoe controls rearfoot motion.
Rebound Index (RI): indicator of energy return of shoe to the foot, in millimeters (mm). RI is measured through compression of the heel portion of the shoe under a fixed amount of pressure, and then determining how much force the shoe exerts on the foot.
Shoe Stability Index (SSI):
indicator of shoe stability, as an index. SSI is derived through mathematically combining the quantified measurements of midfoot stability (TCI) and hindfoot stability (VCI), indicating the shoe’s overall ability to control the motion of the foot.

Medial Shin Splints

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Complaints

  • Pain and tenderness along lower, medial shin above the ankle
  • Pain may increase with running and walking activities

Possible Causes

  • Tight calf muscles
  • Excessive pronation
  • Soft, unstable shoes
  • Weakness in medial shin musculature

Shoe Profile

The shoe midsole should provide maximum torsional and hindfoot stability to control medial foot rotation (pronation / arch drop). This reduces the tractional (pulling) forces that aggravate the medial (inside) shin muscles. A midsole with a high to medium heel-to-toe ratio may add further benefits.

Orthotics

Neutral (mild pronators) – 3 mm heel lift with or without over-the-counter arch supports
Moderate to excessive pronators – Custom orthotics may be beneficial

Shoe Recommendations

The following shoes meet these criteria. Please click on the appropriate link to see the shoes and their test data.

personal_male_2 personal_female_2

Exercises

**Please consult your physican before engaging in an exercise program.**

With all strengthening exercises, start with 3 sets of 10 repetitions. If you experience any sort of pain reduce your reps to 3 sets of 5. For all stretches, repeat 3 times holding each stretch for 30 seconds to 1 minute. Using RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) can be beneficial in the treatment of injuries as well.

Gastrocnemius (calf) Standing Stretch
Soleus Standing Stretch
  1. Stand with hands resting on wall or on stable object.
  2. Place the UNINVOLVED leg forward of involved leg.
  3. Keep the back leg (involved leg) straight and heel on the ground throughout the exercise.
  4. Lean body forward bending at ankles and hold.
  5. Return to starting position, relax, and repeat
  1. Stand with hands resting on wall or on stable object.
  2. Place the UNINVOLVED leg forward of involved leg.
  3. Keep heel on the ground throughout the exercise.
  4. Bend knees, squat down, and hold.
  5. Return to starting position, relax and repeat.
Heel Raises Exercise
Foot Down and In Elastic Exercise
  1. Stand next to a wall or a chair with both feet on the ground pointing straight ahead.
  2. Push front of foot down lifting heels and body weight onto balls of feet
  3. Slowly return to starting position and repeat.
  1. Place knot of elastic (Theraband) in door jamb about one foot up from the floor.
  2. Sit on floor with leg out straight and attachment of elastic outside and above the foot.
  3. Place elastic around inside of foot just below the toes.
  4. Move down and away and out away from attachment of the elastic to pick up slack.
  5. Push the foot down and in away from attachment of the elastic and hold.
  6. Slowly return to the starting position and repeat.

Images reproduced courtesy of T.E.D.© (Therapeutic Exercise Database) V. 2.0